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The Call

by Edith Ayrton Zangwill
Persephone book no:

128 129 130


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PREFACE BY ELIZABETH DAY
392pp
ISBN 9781910263198

The title of The Call, about a woman scientist who abandons her research work (in chemistry) to be a suffragette, has several meanings – military, feminist, vocational, emotional. Although the novel has been ignored for nearly a hundred years, it is an important, and extremely readable, book.

Like Despised and Rejected, PB No. 126, it starts slowly, almost cautiously, and takes 80 or 100 pages before then shocking the reader with its radicalism. Edith Zangwill (1874–1945) – her husband was the writer Israel Zangwill – chooses to begin with a leisurely and detailed trawl round a house in Lowndes Square, ending up in the heroine’s ‘lab of one’s own’ (the title of a recent book about women scientists). It is clear at once that the domestic detail is a crucial part of The Call

The novel gets into its stride when Ursula accompanies her mother to Henley (it is the July of 1909), encounters some suffragettes – and is appalled by them. But some months later, by chance, she sits in on a court case involving a prostitute and her nine-year-old daughter who has been sexually assaulted by a client. The leniency of the three-month sentence compared with a twelve-month sentence for a man who has stolen a pair of boots horrifies her. She realises that ‘it was the law that was insane, or rather the lawmakers... The suffragettes were right. There was some connection between such things and the Vote.’

Finally, in November 1910 (we have provided a Publisher’s Timeline at the beginning of the book), she witnesses the police knocking down an elderly woman at a protest and ‘nothing before had ever fired Ursula with such an irresistible passion for Women’s Suffrage, with such a burning faith in the value of militancy.’ But Ursula’s devotion to the suffragette cause means that she must give up her research. She had been/is a chemist, who was good enough to be asked to  give a paper at the British Association and used to spend her days at her workbench in her lab: the detailed descriptions of her working life are closely based on the life of Edith Zangwill’s stepmother, Hertha Ayrton (1854–1923), a physicist who became an expert on the electric arc.

What changes things for Ursula is the war. She spends the first few months recovering from the trauma of imprisonment and the terrifying and abusive force-feeding (which is graphically described). Then, in 1915, she returns to her lab to work on a method of extinguishing the liquid fire used by the German troops – and thus helping the war effort (just as Hertha Ayrton had invented the ‘Ayrton fan’); the last third of the novel is about Ursula’s struggle to persuade the military to use her invention at the Front. 

Sadly, novels about the war and about votes for women were largely ignored during the 1920s: the former was too raw and the latter ‘too remote to be topical & too recent to be innocuous’ (Edith Zangwill to a friend). Even the theme of a woman scientist in a man’s world was rather remote for the average novel-reader. Yet, as Elizabeth Day writes: ‘The Call gives a rare insight into a woman’s domestic life in the first two decades of the 20th century ... domestic details about running a house are, most unusually, given their due alongside Ursula’s political actions, elegantly making the point that a woman’s work behind closed doors is just as worthy of our attention as what goes on in the wider world. By making political points in the guise of a ‘woman’s novel’, the author stunningly reveals her commitment to feminism.’

For more on The Call, have a look at the Persephone Perspective

Endpaper

'Poppyland', a 1904 duplex-printed cotton manufactured for Liberty in 1912. © V&A Images. The poppies anticipate WWI and this colourway hints at purple, white and green.


Read What Readers Say

Madam J-Mo (blogger)

‘The Call’ is long, it’s sprawling and it calls on a catalogue of wondrous elements. It’s fair to say it’s one of my favourite ever Persephone Books (and I’ve read about two thirds of theirs to date). The title can be interpreted in a number of ways: Ursula’s scientific work, her devotion to women’s suffrage, her commitment to her fiancé, her objection to the violence of war, or her determination to invent a means of extinguishing the ‘liquid fire’ that the Germans are using during the war. Edith Ayrton Zangwill writes in an accessible and enjoyable way, and even the potentially tedious ‘science parts’ are not alienating to a non-science type such as me. The descriptions of suffrage life are hectic and consuming but the sections about Ursula’s prison experiences, especially the vivid and scalding descriptions of being on hunger and thirst strikes, are truly shocking. As they should be. This is a thoroughly compelling book.

Beyond Eden Rock (blogger)

The best books are the ones that capture that capture all or part of a life – or lives – with real insight and beautiful expression, and the very best books do all of that and say something important both to its first readers and to readers who come to it years and years later. ‘The Call’ is one of the very best books; telling the story of a pioneering young woman scientist who becomes deeply involved in the campaign for votes for women. As I read I was to find that Edith Ayrton Zangwill was very good indeed at people, and at their interactions and relationships. The story telling was engaging and accessible and was wrapped up perfectly in a wonderfully dramatic and emotional conclusion. The mixture of human drama and social history is perfect.

BagFullofBooks (blogger)

‘The Call’ is an extraordinary story that sweeps the entirety of this very interesting but trying time in the history of men and women and their relative status in society. It is about militancy and pacifism and in the course of the novel we witness how the lines between these opposing ideals can get blurred to a certain extent. Do read ‘The Call’ if you get a chance. It is a story about an incredible group of women, who went to extraordinary ends to achieve women’s suffrage.

Categories: Education Family History London Love Story Politics Suffragettes Working Women WWI

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